The History of Peru

Peruvian history presents a fascinating example of cultural transfer, cultural clashes, and cultural transformations. In 1532 the western European culture of Spain collided with one of the most sophisticated and highly developed cultures of America: the culture of the Incas. Unlike their brothers in the endless plains of North America, the Incas survived the brutal impact of the Spanish conquest and colonization, and Peru became the cradle of a new mestizo race and culture. Spanish greed and Spanish idealism clashed in colonial Peru with the Incas stubborn need to survive and to preserve their cultural identity. After three centuries of struggle, the result was the birth of a nation that was neither Spanish nor Indian but a unique mixture of the two.

Before your eyes the history of Peru reveals the long and painful process by which two great cultures challenged each other and finally produced a new cycle in the cultural evolution. Imperial Spain and the Incan empire have long since disappeared, but modern Peru (child of the two) today stands confident on the threshold of the future.

9 results - showing 1 - 9
Ordering
Inca Huayna Capac who was the eleventh Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdom from 1493–1524)
Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales TinTinTinTin January 28, 2020 6   0   1   0   0  
Viracocha is the great creator god in the pre-Inca and Inca mythology. He was one of the most important gods and seen as the creator of all things, or the substance from which all things are created. In the legend of the Vanishing Bride he appeared before the Inca Huayna Capac who was the eleventh Sapa Inca (ruler and...
The Storm - The rebellion of the Allancu, Callancu, and Chaqui
Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales TinTinTinTin January 28, 2020 21   0   1   0   0  
Topa Inca Yupanqui or Túpac Inca Yupanqui was the tenth Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdom) from 1471–93. He was appointed by his father Pachacuti to head the Inca army in 1463 and extended the realm northward along the Andes through modern Ecuador. This story in this legend shows how deeply the relationship was towards their...
Mayta Capac - The legend of the fourth Sapa Inca of the Kingdom of Cuzco
Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales TinTinTinTin Updated January 28, 2020 40   0   1   0   0  
Mayta Capac was the fourth Sapa Inca (ruler and governor of the Inca Kingdom). This legend gives us an insight about his youth and his fierce personality winning many battles fighting the enemies of the empire. He is known to have conquered territories as far as Lake Titicaca, Arequipa, and Potosí. In 1134 he put the regions of Arequipa...
The Rod of Gold - The beginnings of a great empire
Peruvian Legends, Myths & Tales TinTinTinTin Updated January 28, 2020 38   0   1   0   0  
The legend of the rod of gold is a beautiful story about the origins and the foundation of the city of Cusco that became the historic capital of the Inca Empire from the 13th until the 16th-century Spanish conquest. The story also mentions Manco Capac who was the first governor and founder of the Inca civilization in Cusco. He...
Collection of old Peru Documentaries (1936 to 1949)
History of Peru TinTinTinTin Updated August 26, 2019 3999   8   1   0   0  
We managed to get our hands on a few beautiful rare documentaries and amateur films about Peru, its people, key cities, selected sites of archaeological importance and customs. The selected material is dated between 1936 and 1949. As you can imagine the film equipment in some of the earlier pieces was very basic and the quality is accordingly. Still...
History of Peruvian Archaeology
History of Peru TinTinTinTin Updated July 27, 2019 11195   1   1   0   0  
The story of the origins and development of Peruvian archaeology begins with the earliest Spanish contact in 1524, and continues through the Colonial and Independence periods, leading at the close of the Early Republican period in 1900 to the emergence of the discipline of archaeology. It is to these three periods of time, spanning approximately 400 years, that we...
The colorful Fabrics and Textiles of Peru
History of Peru TinTinTinTin Updated July 23, 2019 7348   0   1   0   0  
Europe’s first knowledge of Peruvian textiles was acquired following the Spanish invasion of Peru in 1532, when the conquistadores included a few fabrics in shipments of gold and silver they sent back to Spain.
Early People, Cultures, and Civilizations in Peru
People of Peru - Now and Then TinTinTinTin Updated May 18, 2019 6711   0   1   0   0  
The earliest people to inhabit what we now call Peru probably arrived in the Andes about 13,000 B.C. These people were hunters and gatherers. On the coast they fished and collected shellfish.
The Incas in the southern highlands of Peru
People of Peru - Now and Then TinTinTinTin Updated May 18, 2019 6874   0   1   0   0  
In the thirteenth century the Incas were one of several small tribes living in the region of the present-day Peruvian city of Cuzco.
9 results - showing 1 - 9