Below find detailed facts and numbers, data and stats, as well as lots of useful information about Peru related to the topics geography of Peru, Peruvian government & administration, Peru's national symbols, Peruvian economy, people of Peru. health & education in Peru and infrastructure & transport in Peru.
1 General information about Peru
Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is located in western South America. The country borders in the north on Ecuador and Colombia, in the east on Brazil and Bolivia, in the south on Chile and in the west on the Pacific Ocean.
Peru is the third largest country in South America after Brazil and Argentina, and the 19th largest in the world.
The Peruvian territory covers an area of 1,285,216 square kilometers (496,225 square miles) and is geographically divided into three zones: the coast (“costa”), the western coastal plain with deserts, beaches and fertile valleys; the mountain region (“sierra”), the mountainous area dominated by the Andes that crosses the country in north-south-direction; and the jungle (“selva”), the eastern lowland jungle of the Amazon basin.
Even though the coastal region only accounts for about 11% of the Peruvian territory, more than half of the population (52.6%) lives in this area. The Andean region however is home to 38% of the population, whereas only 9.4% of Peruvians live in the lowland jungle.
Lima is the capital of Peru, while the neighboring, independent city of Callao with its busy port and international airport is the country’s gateway to the world.